Kampala, Uganda — Uganda’s main opposition leader on Sunday urged his supporters to protest his continued detention at home in the aftermath of a disputed presidential election that was won by President Yoweri Museveni.
“The only way to get out of this is to use the popular numbers that we have to make sure that the gunmen do not do what they are doing,” said Kizza Besigye, speaking to reporters at his house on the outskirts of the capital, Kampala.
Besigye is unable to leave his house, with the police saying he is under preventive arrest to stop him from leading protests against Museveni’s win that could turn violent. Armed police stand guard outside his residence and have set up a barrier preventing most people from accessing Besigye.
“If the regime continues to restrict me, to detain me in my home … I call upon all of you citizens to protest this,” he said Sunday. “At the very minimum let us also stop them from moving,” he said, referring to the security forces.
Kampala remained calm Sunday following the announcement of results amid a heavy security presence.
Museveni was on Saturday declared the winner of presidential polls held on Thursday, but Besigye’s party has rejected the official results, alleging massive vote rigging. Museveni won more than 60 percent of the votes while Besigye got 35 percent, according to final results announced by the election commission.
Besigye said those results are fraudulent and is calling for an independent audit that includes members from the international community.
Museveni denied the allegations of vote fraud and vowed to “use both soft and hard means to guard the peace in Uganda,” speaking to reporters Sunday in his home district of Kiruhura. Museveni said there was a threat to burn down Kampala by young people directed by leaders he described as “criminal politicians.”
Besigye, a 59-year-old doctor, has been detained at his house since Friday. After Besigye’s arrest, his supporters took to the streets. Riot police lobbed tear gas and stun grenades at them and fired warning shots from automatic rifles, then chased them through narrow alleys, arresting some.
Voting was marred by lengthy delays in the delivery of polling materials, some incidents of violence as well as a government shutdown of social media sites like Twitter and Facebook, which remained inaccessible Saturday. Most of the delays happened in areas seen as opposition strongholds, including Kampala.
“The Ugandan people deserved better,” said U.S. State Department deputy spokesman Mark Toner.
The election was marked by an “intimidating atmosphere, which was mainly created by state actors,” and the election commission lacks independence and transparency, the European Union observer mission said in its preliminary report.
Former Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo, the head of the Commonwealth observer mission, said the election “fell short of meeting key democratic benchmarks.”
The 71-year-old Museveni took power by force in 1986 and pulled Uganda out of years of chaos after a guerrilla war. He is a key U.S. ally on security matters, especially in Somalia. Critics fear he may want to rule for life and they accuse him of using security forces to intimidate the opposition.
Besigye was Museveni’s personal physician during the bush war and served as deputy interior minister in his first Cabinet. He broke with the president in 1999, saying Museveni was no longer a democrat.