PARIS – Gambia’s Fatou Bensouda was sworn in Friday as the International Criminal Court’s new chief prosecutor, becoming the first African and woman to preside over the Hague-based tribunal. Bensouda has rejected criticism of double standards in the ICC’s prosecutions that have so far only targeted Africa.
Fifty-one-year-old Bensouda becomes only the second chief prosecutor of the nine-year-old International Criminal Court (ICC). She takes over from Luis Moreno-Ocampo of Argentina, after serving as his number two for years.
- Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir faces 10 counts of crimes against humanity and war crimes. He is free and in power.
- Lord’s Resistance Army commander Joseph Kony faces 33 counts of crimes against humanity and war crimes. His whereabouts are unknown.
- Former Ivory Coast President Laurent Gbagbo faces four counts of crimes against humanity. He is in ICC custody awaiting trial.
- Son of former Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi, Saif al-Islam Gadhafi, faces two counts of crimes against humanity. He has been arrested.
“There have been some controversies about the way it (the ICC) has developed in the last few years, and I think the most important thing now is to let it settle down and to approach the job in a professional way – and we can expect her to do that,” said Dworkin.
The Netherlands-based ICC is the world’s first permanent body that tries individuals accused of crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide. But so far, all its cases deal with Africa. That has generated criticism that the court is biased – criticism that both Bensouda and predecessor Ocampo reject.
“People have already answered that (the criticisms) quite effectively by saying it’s working on behalf of victims in Africa, that most of these cases were in any case referred by the countries themselves, and so on,” said Dworkin. “But nevertheless, I think from a symbolic standpoint that an African chief prosecutor will send a very clear message that this is a court which works for universal justice and universal values.”
A longtime lawyer, Bensouda served as Gambia’s attorney general and justice minister, and worked for the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. Her appointment comes as the ICC tries its first former head of state – Ivory Coast’s former president, Laurent Gbagbo.